Key Highlights of Republic Day 2023
- India has observed January 26 as its Republic Day annually since 1950. India will commemorate its 74th Republic Day on January 26, 2023. To honor the Constitution that took effect on January 26, 1950, Republic Day, also known as Gantantra Diwas, is observed with tremendous excitement throughout the nation at schools, colleges, and other public and private institutions.
- Each year on January 26 in the nation’s capital, New Delhi, the main Gantantra Diwas festival is conducted on the Rajpath or Kartavya Path. Every year on this day, the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force take part in an extravagant Republic Day parade.
- President of Egypt Abdel Fattah Al Sisi is present on the occasion of the 74th Republic Day. Additionally, the Republic Day March procession will feature the 120-member Egyptian contingent.
- Each year, a different theme is used to mark Republic Day; this year’s subject is “Jan Bhagidari (participation of the ordinary people).”
The proper spirit of independent India is symbolized on Republic Day. The display of military hardware, the flag of the country, and military hardware are some of the festival’s key emblems.
Republic Day’s Significance
The committee headed by Dr. BR Ambedkar wrote the new constitution after India gained independence from British rule. India’s independence as a republic was affirmed by the Indian Constitution, which went into effect on January 26, 1950. It was decided to hold the event on January 26 because it was on this day in 1930 that the Indian National Congress issued Purna Swaraj, a declaration of India’s independence from colonial authority.
Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, the President of Egypt, is invited to India as the principal guest
The President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, will be the keynote guest at India’s 74th Republic Day celebration this year. President Sisi will travel to India on a state visit from January 24–26, 2023, at the request of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. A high-level team will accompany President Sisi, including five ministers and senior officials. An Egyptian president serving as the Republic Day festivities’ top guest would be a first. The third India Africa Forum summit was held in India in October 2015, and President Sisi also paid a state visit there in September 2016.
For the first time, our Republic Day has asked the President of the Arab Republic of Egypt to be the special guest. The Egyptian Army will also send a contingent as part of the Republic Day parade. The invitation also suggests that ties between Cairo and Delhi will receive particular attention in the upcoming months and years. According to the official statement, “President Sisi’s upcoming visit is expected to deepen further and enhance the long-standing cooperation between India and Egypt.”
On January 25, 2023, President Droupadi Murmu will hold a state banquet in honor of the visiting dignitary at the Rashtrapati Bhavan. President Sisi will also receive a ceremonial welcome at that location. On mutually beneficial bilateral, regional, and global concerns, Egyptian President Sisi will also privately meet with the Prime Minister and hold delegation-level discussions with him. During a business event that same day, the visiting dignitary will also engage with the Indian business sector.
India and Egypt Relation
India and Egypt have friendly relations characterized by shared economic, cultural, and civilizational links and robust people-to-people exchanges. The complicated relationship is based on shared cultural values, a desire to further economic development, collaboration in defense and security, and regional and global agreements. The two countries work closely together in bilateral and multilateral forums. India and Egypt are commemorating the 75th anniversary of the start of diplomatic relations this year. Egypt was also asked to participate as a “Guest Country” during India’s G20 Presidency in 2022–2023.
India and Egypt have a long history of interactions and cooperation on bilateral, regional, and international issues, which has led to close political understanding. Trade between Egypt and India increased to USD 7.26 billion in FY 2021–22. The exchange was almost balanced, with $3.74 billion in Indian exports to Egypt and $3.52 billion in Egyptian imports to India. Over 50 Indian businesses have invested virtually USD 3.15 billion in the Egyptian economy’s diverse sectors, including chemicals, energy, textile, clothing, agribusiness, retail, etc.
The established relationship between India and Egypt is anticipated to grow more vital and profound due to the visit.